Les débuts du Web en France à l’IN2P3 (1992)

Daniel Charnay, ingénieur réseaux au CC IN2P3, était invité par Mathieu Vidart à l’émission de France Inter « la Tête au carré », pour parler des débuts du World Wide Web en France et dans le monde. (Ré)écouter l’émission 

Voir également le site de l’IN2P3 et les entretiens croisés de Wojcek Wojcik et Daniel Charnay, Ingénieurs informaticiens au Centre de Calcul IN2P3 qui dès 1992 lancent le premier site Web en France.

Web traffic analytics as a historical source


Wayback Machine, Internet Archive, https://web.archive.org/web/19980208082551/http://free.polbox.pl/raport7.html

Wayback Machine, Internet Archive, https://web.archive.org/web/19980208082551/http://free.polbox.pl/raport7.html

This is a guest post from Marcin Wilkowski, first published at wilkowski.org. Marcin Wilkowski is a member of the Digital Humanities Laboratory at the University of Warsaw.

Lire ce billet sur le blog Web Archives for Historians de Ian Milligan et Peter Webster.

Digital Tools and Techniques for the Adventurous Historian

Un aperçu de quelques possibilités, travaux et outils issu d’un workshop organisé par le History Council of South Australia  pour le SA History Festival 2016 et tenu à la State Library of South Australia, le 10 mai 2016.

Découvrir le site

AOIR Pre-conference – 404 History Not Found: Challenges in Internet History and Memory Studies

aoir2016AoIR routinely hosts several preconference workshops before the main conference. Attendees must register to attend a preconference; the price of the preconference is included as part of the main conference. All workshops will be held on October 5th.


voir la liste des pré-conférences 

Parmi elle celle organisée par Camille Paloque-Bergès (HT2S Cnam, membre de Web90 ) et Kevin Driscoll (University of Virginia):

404 History Not Found: Challenges in Internet History and Memory Studies

How did the Internet become relevant in today’s culture and politics? How were its codes and rules—whether technical, social or cultural—constructed, challenged, and normalized? How did net culture become a mass phenomenon of global importance? To understand why and how the “Internet rules” today, it is essential that we look back at the internet’s past. In this pre-conference, we will discuss the specific theoretical and methodological challenges that arise in the study of the internet through time and memory, for purposes of both historiography (what net histories and how?) and epistemology (net histories as an object of media research). Attendees will be invited to participate in three hands-on, interactive sessions organized around issues, sources and methods fundamental to researching net diachronicity.

Net history survives in unexpected places, unfolding through time and space, collapsing in on the present. The artifacts that surface may be incomplete or inscrutable absent their original contexts, requiring us to borrow creatively from other fields and develop new historical methods (Ankerson, 2011; Brügger & Finnemann, 2012; Paloque-Berges, 2016). From formal archives and oral histories to lingering web sites, software, and hardware artifacts, the material evidence of the past suggests a diversity of social, temporal, and technical regimes. Indeed, recent scholarship on early networks reveals a greater range of experiences, technologies, norms and motivations than is found in best-known histories of the internet (Brammer, 2015; Brunton, 2013; Driscoll, 2014; Hargadon, 2011; Mailland, 2015; Paloque-Berges, 2011; Rankin 2014, 2015; Russell, 2014; Russell & Schafer, 2014; Schafer & Thierry, 2012; Schulte, 2013; Streeter, 2011). In their wake, we question how to make sense of conflicts and contradictions while respecting the subjective lived experiences of individual participants. What is our responsibility to find and document hidden histories, obscure sources, and less visible networks? How will a richer understanding of the internet’s past change how we engage with its present and imagine its future?

This pre-conference will include three workshop sessions organized around core research challenges in net history: (1) epistemology, (2) sources and methodology, and (3) mediation and transmission. Selected participants, rather than present whole case studies, will intervene on specific challenges—for instance: theoretical paradoxes or deadlocks, methodological problem-solving, and demonstrations of born-digital artifacts. The audience will be involved by taking positions, suggesting ad-hoc solutions, and identifying common themes.

(…) This pre-conference will be a full-day workshop facilitated by Kevin Driscoll and Camille Paloque-Berges with support from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche project Web90. The discussions and hands-on activities will be accessible to all AOIR attendees but will be especially engaging for researchers encountering issues of temporality, memory, nostalgia, or a need to “go back in time” in their own work.

En savoir plus 




avatars_colofon.gif(mediaclass-list-image.704eb78d2a14a751335be5c7e734f07181234abd)Digital Pompeji

A team of computer science students succeeded in accessing the digitale archives of DDS (De Digitale Stad, The Digital City) from its first years of existence 1994-1996, and getting the software operational. The results of this spectacular project will be presented in the Amsterdam Museum.

Découvrir ce projet supervisé par Gerard Alberts (UvA, NL)

The Web of the pros

Capture d’écran 2016-04-28 à 15.21.02 Capture d’écran 2016-04-28 à 15.21.12This article, focusing on France, explores the notion of a “Web of professionals” and seeks to establish its factual, epistemological, and methodological implications for the history of the World Wide Web in the 1990s. This research reflects on the promises of the New Economy and the roles of the various controversies, cultures, imaginaries, and forms of mediation affecting the business world in its appropriation of the Web. It also aims to reappraise the individual and collective stakeholders whose active part has been somehow underestimated or obscured by the image of the mass Internet user. The professionalization of Web activities, the development of a new generation of entrepreneurs and the conversion of business models to online practices are all significant parts of the emergent Web culture in France, as well as factors contributing to this emergence.

Schafer, V., Thierry, B., « The “Web of pros” in the 1990s: The professional acclimation of the World Wide Web in France »New Media & Society, April 27, 2016. doi:10.1177/1461444816643792

The Case for the Preservation of R&D Project Websites

« About 1 year ago, Arquivo.pt performed an experiment to preserve the .EU domain.

We are now trying to focus on preserving sites of R&D projects. To this end, our first idea was to use the EU Open Data Portal to identify these project URLs. The problem is that from the 25 608 R&D projects funded by FP7 listed by the EU Open Data Portal, only 7.9% had an associated project URL.

So, the first main challenge is to identify R&D project web sites to be preserved.

And you can help! »

Pionnières dans l’archivage du .eu, les archives du Web portugaises s’intéressent aujourd’hui à la préservation des sites de projets, notamment européens, et de leurs résultats intermédiaires.

voir l’article de Daniel Gomes et l’appel à contribution