Algorithms

Panos LourdesReal-World Algorithms. A Beginner’s Guide, The MIT Press, Mars 2017.

After presenting background in pseudocode conventions, basic terminology, and data structures, chapters cover compression, cryptography, graphs, searching and sorting, hashing, classification, strings, and chance. Each chapter describes real problems and then presents algorithms to solve them.

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Décrire, expliquer, présenter le Web des années 1990 …

… hilarant parfois, mais au-delà on découvre des formes de communication parfois naïves, parfois pédagogiques, parfois caricaturales qui nous disent beaucoup sur les imaginaires d’Internet et du Web et les moyens d’acculturation utilisés à l’époque.


voir Owen William, The ways people described computers in the 1990s are hilarious, thenextweb.com, 16 février 2015.

 

The Web as History

Sommaire:

Introduction: The Web as History by Ralph Schroeder and Niels Brügger

PART ONE: THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF WEB DOMAINS

  1. Analysing the UK web domain and exploring 15 years of UK universities on the web – Eric T. Meyer, Taha Yasseri, Scott A. Hale, Josh Cowls, Ralph Schroeder and Helen Margetts
  2. Live versus archive: Comparing a web archive to a population of web pages – Scott A. Hale, Grant Blank and Victoria D. Alexander
  3. Exploring the domain names of the Danish web – Niels Brügger, Ditte Laursen and Janne Nielsen

PART TWO : MEDIA AND GOVERNMENT

  1. The tumultuous history of news on the web – Matthew S. Weber
  2. International hyperlinks in online news media -Josh Cowls and Jonathan Bright
  3. From far away to a click away: The French state and public services in the 1990s – Valérie Schafer

PART THREE:  CULTURAL AND POLITICAL HISTORIES

  1. Welcome to the web: The online community of GeoCities during the early years of the World Wide Web – Ian Milligan
  2. Using the web to examine the evolution of the abortion debate in Australia, 2005–2015 159 – Robert Ackland and Ann Evans
  3. Religious discourse in the archived web: Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, and the sharia law controversy of 2008 – Peter Webster
  4. ‘Taqwacore is Dead. Long Live Taqwacore’or punk’s not dead? : Studying the online evolution of the Islamic punk scene -Meghan Dougherty
  5. Cultures of the UK web – Josh Cowls
  6. Coda: Web archives for humanities research – some reflections  – Jane Winters

ARCS – Analyse de réseaux pour les sciences sociales

Le groupement de recherche 3771 Analyse de réseaux en SHS a le plaisir de vous annoncer le lancement de la revue à comité de lecture ARCS – Analyse de réseaux pour les sciences sociales / Network analysis for social sciences. Cette revue pluridisciplinaire, consacrée à l’analyse de réseaux en sciences humaines et sociales, publie des articles inédits en français ou en anglais.

Charte éditoriale, composition du comité de rédaction et consignes aux auteur.e.s sont disponibles à l’adresse https://arshs.hypotheses.org/revue-arcs.

CFP “Political Science in the Digital Age: Mapping Opportunities, Perils and Uncertainties“

The International Political Science Association (IPSA) is organizing an international conference that will be held on 4-6 December 2017 in Hannover, Germany. Chaired by Marianne Kneuer and Helen Milner, the conference will take place in Hannover’s spectacular Palace of Herrenhausen, surrounded by gardens that date back to the Baroque period.

The conference, entitled “Political Science in the Digital Age: Mapping Opportunities, Perils and Uncertainties“, provides the opportunity for a reflection on the discipline and one of its most relevant challenges, namely digitalization. The conference aims to bring together officials and members of the national Political Science Associations of IPSA and members the IPSA Research Committees in order to further develop networks and cooperation among these groups. The conference will also be a platform for addressing challenges as well as developing ideas for future research within IPSA.

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 Panel proposals until April, 15 2017.

Reading the Comments

Joseph M. Beagle, Reading the Comments. Likers, Haters, and Manipulators at the Bottom of the Web, The MIT Press, 2015.

Online comment can be informative or misleading, entertaining or maddening. Haters and manipulators often seem to monopolize the conversation. Some comments are off-topic, or even topic-less. In this book, Joseph Reagle urges us to read the comments. Conversations “on the bottom half of the Internet,” he argues, can tell us much about human nature and social behavior.

Reagle visits communities of Amazon reviewers, fan fiction authors, online learners, scammers, freethinkers, and mean kids. He shows how comment can inform us (through reviews), improve us (through feedback), manipulate us (through fakery), alienate us (through hate), shape us (through social comparison), and perplex us. He finds pre-Internet historical antecedents of online comment in Michelin stars, professional criticism, and the wisdom of crowds. He discusses the techniques of online fakery (distinguishing makers, fakers, and takers), describes the emotional work of receiving and giving feedback, and examines the culture of trolls and haters, bullying, and misogyny. He considers the way comment—a nonstop stream of social quantification and ranking—affects our self-esteem and well-being. And he examines how comment is puzzling—short and asynchronous, these messages can be slap-dash, confusing, amusing, revealing, and weird, shedding context in their passage through the Internet, prompting readers to comment in turn, “WTF?!?”

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Le patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique

Sous la direction de Séverine Cachat, Marta Severo, éditions L’Harmattan, 2017.

Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, couvert par la Convention de l’UNESCO de 2003, est par définition un patrimoine vivant, nourri par les communautés qui le portent. Aujourd’hui, le numérique, notamment le web, ouvre des perspectives prometteuses pour sauvegarder et valoriser ce patrimoine. Comment les nouvelles applications numériques peuvent-elles dialoguer avec les démarches d’inventaire conduites au niveau institutionnel ? Comment protéger les droits des communautés dans le cadre de l’enregistrement et de la publication sur Internet de leurs éléments patrimoniaux ?

ISBN : 978-2-343-10654-0 • janvier 2017 • 210 pages
EAN PDF : 9782140025587