CfP HistoInformatics2017 – the 4th International Workshop on Computational History

HistoInformatics2017 – the 4th International Workshop on Computational History will be held on 6 November, 2017 in conjunction with the 26th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM 2017), Singapore. Traditionally, historical research is based on the hermeneutic investigation of preserved records and artifacts to provide a reliable account of the past and to discuss different hypotheses. Alongside this hermeneutic approach historians have always been interested to translate primary sources into data and used methods, often borrowed from the Social Sciences, to analyze them. A new wealth of digitized historical documents have however opened up completely new challenges for the computer-assisted analysis of e.g. large text or image corpora. Historians can greatly benefit from the advances of Computer and Information sciences which are dedicated to the processing, organization and analysis of such data. New computational techniques can be applied to help verify and validate historical assumptions. We call this approach HistoInformatics, analogous to Bioinformatics and ChemoInformatics which have respectively proposed new research trends in Biology and Chemistry. The main topics of the proposed workshop are: (1) support for historical research and analysis in general through the application of Computer Science theories or technologies, (2) analysis and re-use of historical texts, (3) analysis of collective memories, (4) visualisations of historical data, (4) access to large wealth of accumulated historical knowledge.

This is a highly interdisciplinary workshop that goes beyond traditional computer science topics. The workshop emphasizes non-standard, research-oriented informatics technologies for solving novel research problems and scenarios. Our objective is to provide for the two different research communities a place to meet and exchange ideas and to facilitate discussion. We hope the workshop will result in a survey of current problems and potential solutions, with particular focus on exploring opportunities for collaboration and interaction of researchers working on various subareas within Computer Science and History Sciences.

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Call for Papers for Internet Histories: The 90s as a turning decade for Internet and the Web

This call for papers aims to revisit the history of Internet and the Web within a specific decade that coincides with the Web’s availability for the general public: the 1990s.
How did the course of Internet History change in the 90s? Which continuities and turns, tensions and debates emerged within the Internet community, within digital communities, and more generally within society at large? How can we map the Internet and the Web of the Nineties? Who were the key actors and more hidden figures of their adoption and massification? How can we characterize the digital cultures of the 1990s and reconstruct and revisit them? What did Web browsing meant for Internet users of the Nineties? How can we explain nostalgia today for this past Web?

We hope to explore these questions and many others in this special issue, through global, transnational, national, regional and local histories.

Suggested topics:

  • The mass diffusion of the Internet: its rhythms, patterns, issues, actors, limits
  • The emergence of the World Wide Web and the paths to the Web in the 90s
  • The heritage of previous times, models, projects and achievements in Internet history
  • “Eternal September” and other newcomers on the Internet and/or on the Web
  • The communication around the Internet and the Web (in media, advertisements, political or economic discourses, etc.) and their socialisation
  • The Internet’s commercial turn
  • The history of ISPs and of content providers
  • History of 90s websites and online communities
  • The controversies and debates that involved the Internet and Web during the 90s
  • The Web of the 90s and its relationship with convergent media dynamics/histories of the period (e.g. television, telecommunications, print…)
  • The topic of the Internet and the Web versus “older media” (in press, TV, radio, online)
  • The dot-com bubble
  • Digital archeology and the reconstruction of digital communities and vanished spaces
  • Digital tools and digital humanities for reconstructing and analysing the Web of the 90s
  • Discussions on the place and on the 90s turn within the history of the Internet and the Web (realities, limits, critics…)
  • The nostalgia for the past of the Internet and Web of the 90s

Of course, we encourage and welcome other topics and perspectives on the 90s as a turning decade for Internet and the Web.

 Submissions

The proposals are to be submitted to

benjaminthierry@gmail.com

valerieschafer@wanadoo.fr

explicitly mentioning CFP 90s

They need to fit on one page, detail an explicit angle of analysis and outline, and integrate a short bibliography.

Selected authors will be invited to submit then a full paper through the editorial system, which will undergo full peer review and will determine acceptance of papers for publication.

Calendar

Deadline for the submission of proposals: September 20th 2017

Notification of proposal acceptance: October 1st 2017

Submissions of the full paper (6000-8000 words): March 1st 2018

Feedback based on reviews: April 20th 2018

Deadline for Revisions: June 20th 2018

Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society is an international, inter-disciplinary peer-reviewed journal concerned with research on the cultural, social, political and technological histories of the internet and associated digital cultures.

More information on the journal

Instructions for Authors 

Should you have any questions regarding this CfP, please feel free to contact us: benjaminthierry@gmail.com ; valerieschafer@wanadoo.fr

 

AAC revue Temporalités : Réseaux sociaux et temporalités

 

 

Dossier coordonné par Claire Bidart (LEST UMR 7317, CNRS, AMU) et Michel Grossetti (LISST UMR 5193, CNRS, UT2J)

Comment évoluent des systèmes relationnels ? Comment rendre compte des dynamiques complexes qui les animent ? Un réseau, en effet, est composé d’entités et de relations entre ces entités, et il forme un système d’ensemble qui lui aussi évolue dans sa composition et sa structure. Entités, relations et structure sont engagées dans des mouvements différents. S’agissant de réseaux sociaux, connectant ici des entités sociales – individus, organisations, activités, produits… (Degenne et Forsé, 2004) –, quelles temporalités, sociales elles aussi, sont à l’œuvre sur leurs mouvements et leurs évolutions?

Diverses disciplines des sciences sociales ont travaillé sur ces questions : la sociologie, l’histoire, l’économie, la géographie, la science politique, la science de gestion… La physique et l’informatique contribuent elles aussi à l’identification de dynamiques au sein de systèmes sociaux, le plus souvent à partir de « big data ».

En restant focalisé ici sur les réseaux sociaux, ce numéro de Temporalités entend rassembler des travaux s’appliquant à examiner les temporalités impliquées dans les évolutions des systèmes relationnels.

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Calendrier

Réception des propositions jusqu’au : 15 septembre 2017
Réponse des coordinateurs : 15 octobre 2017
Réception des articles : 15 décembre 2017
Retour des expertises des évaluateurs : 1er février 2018
Version révisée : 2 avril 2018
Sortie du numéro : 15 juin 2018

CfP : Media History and Democracy (journal Media and Communication)

Deadline for Abstracts: 30 June 2017
Deadline for Submissions: 30 September 2017
Publication of the Issue: March 2018

The journal Media and Communication hereby announces a thematic issue (to be published in 2018) dedicated to the topic of media history and democracy. Democracy, in its many guises, has long been an influential concern for media historians. The emphasis on democracy in this thematic issue is intended to link up with media histories that take on the intersection of democracy and media as understood through any one of a number of lenses. The issue of democracy brings this thematic issue in contact with numerous approaches to media history. Authors will find connections to be made between democracy and concerns for: history of technology, social history, cultural history, political history, the history of social networks, intellectual history, and more. Democracy need not be conceptualized as a formal political system for this thematic issue, and many authors may find it fruitful to consider the multifarious aspects and meanings of democracy as they reflect on how they might draft a submission to this thematic issue. Media and Communication is an international journal, and we are particularly interested in programming a thematic issue that features historical scholarship from around the world, including manuscripts that address transnational communication flows. This thematic issue of Media and Communication would be a good match for articles addressing the following topics:

– The history of democratic ideals in the development of media technology;
– Considerations of democratic formations as they relate to journalism history and historical understandings of the role of journalism;
– Histories of media as they relate to political activism;
– The history of alternative and independent media outlets as they relate to democratic processes;
– The history of public service broadcasting and its applications worldwide or transnationally;
– Histories of media reform movements;
– Treatments of the history of literacy and its political meanings;
– Internet histories as they relate to citizenship or democracy;
– The historical roles of interpersonal communication and social networks as they relate to democracy;
– The history of media policies and regulation designed to arrange for (or thwart) democratic communication;
– Historical themes concerning the relationship between capitalism and democracy.
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AAC Unix en Europe : entre innovation, diffusion et héritage

Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, Paris – 19 Octobre 2017

 Le système Unix est né dans les années 1970 à la croisée du monde industriel (laboratoire de R&D chez AT&T) et du monde scientifique (réseau de l’Université de Berkeley), et s’est rapidement démarqué par une adoption internationale dans les milieux de la recherche en informatique. Le succès d’Unix, d’abord implémenté sur les mini-ordinateurs, avant de devenir plus largement compatible avec le reste du parc informatique, a été encouragé par ses qualités de système ouvert, multi-utilisateur et multitâche permettant l’expérimentation logicielle. Dans le contexte européen, en particulier en France, comment cette innovation américaine a-t-elle été diffusée, transposée, et adaptée ? Pourquoi Unix a-t-il intéressé les milieux informatiques européens, et pourquoi continue-t-il aujourd’hui de les intéresser ? Cela suppose une appropriation et une construction d’une culture Unix consolidée, qui perdure et constitue un héritage dans les mémoires de ces milieux, en sus de la longue et complexe histoire de ses versions. La mémoire des utilisateurs Unix est vive, portée très tôt par des enquêtes dans les milieux de la recherche et du développement (Salus, 1994), ainsi qu’une pratique de sauvegarde patrimoniale avancée (Toomey, 2010). Le système est un référent important dans l’histoire de l’informatique, en particulier dans le champ des logiciels libres (Kelty, 2008) et des réseaux (Paloque-Berges, 2017) et dans la philosophie des langages (Mélès, 2013).

Afin d’explorer la variété de ces questions, ce colloque s’adresse aux chercheurs en sciences sociales, historiens, philosophes, conservateurs du patrimoine intéressés par l’histoire d’Unix et des systèmes et logiciels ouverts. Ce colloque s’ouvre également plus largement à la communauté d’acteurs et témoins impliquée dans les réflexions autour d’Unix et la transmission de sa mémoire. Nous souhaitons, dans ce colloque, discuter et éclairer plusieurs aspects du développement d’Unix en Europe et à l’international, dans ses dimensions historiques et sociologiques, philosophiques et épistémologiques, patrimoniales – et cela selon 3 axes prioritaires.

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