Digital Humanities: Knowledge and Critique in a Digital Age

David Berry & Anders Fagerjord, Digital Humanities: Knowledge and Critique in a Digital Age,Polity Press, 2017. 

Berry and Fagerjord provide a compelling guide, exploring the history, intellectual work, key arguments and ideas of this emerging discipline. They also offer an important critique, suggesting ways in which the humanities can be enriched through computing, but also how cultural critique can transform the digital humanities.

Digital Countercultures and the Struggle for Community

Jesse LingelDigital Countercultures and the Struggle for Community, The MIT Press, 2017.

Whether by accidental keystroke or deliberate tinkering, technology is often used in ways that are unintended and unimagined by its designers and inventors. In Alt-People, Jessa Lingel offers an account of digital technology use that looks beyond Silicon Valley and college dropouts-turned-entrepreneurs. Instead, Lingel tells stories from the margins of countercultural communities that have made the Internet meet their needs, subverting established norms of how digital technologies should be used.

Lingel presents three case studies that contrast the imagined uses of the web to its lived and often messy practicalities. She examines a social media platform (developed long before Facebook) for body modification enthusiasts, with early web experiments in blogging, community, wikis, online dating, and podcasts; a network of communication technologies (both analog and digital) developed by a local community of punk rockers to manage information about underground shows; and the use of Facebook and Instagram for both promotional and community purposes by Brooklyn drag queens. Drawing on years of fieldwork, Lingel explores issues of alterity and community, inclusivity and exclusivity, secrecy and surveillance, and anonymity and self-promotion.

By examining online life in terms of countercultural communities, Lingel argues that looking at outsider experiences helps us to imagine new uses and possibilities for the tools and platforms we use in everyday life.

Internet Histories volumes 1 et 2

Très fière de ce premier double numéro spécial porté par des articles courts, historiographies et épistémologiques des membres du comité scientifique notamment (et dans le désordre) Janet Abbate, Andrew Russell, Richard Rogers, Gerard Alberts, Fred Turner, Finn Brunton, Jane Winters, Sandra Braman et encore bien d’autres à découvrir. Merci à eux d’avoir rendu ce numéro séminal si riche et stimulant !

voir les contributeurs et articles

Web Archiving Special Issue

Un dossier en libre accès de la revue Journal of Western Archives coordonné par Nicholas Taylor.



Developing Web Archiving Metadata Best Practices to Meet User Needs
Jackie M. Dooley, Karen Stoll Farrell, Tammi Kim, and Jessica Venlet

Case Studies


Collaboration Made It Happen! The Kansas Archive-It Consortium
Cliff Hight, Ashley Todd-Diaz, Rebecca Schulte, and Michael Church


Corpus de communication médiée par les réseaux

Ciara R. WighamGudrun LedegemCorpus de communication dédiée par les réseaux. Construction, structuration, analyse, Paris, L’Harmatan, coll. Humanités numériques, 2017. 

Cet ouvrage aborde les questions relatives au processus de construction de corpus d’interaction et de communications de type mono ou multimodal, synchrone ou asynchrone sur Internet ou via les télécommunications, en vue de la publication de tels corpus sous forme de données libres (OpenData), afin de développer des recherches communautaires : méthodologie, annotation, analyse, droits… Plusieurs genres de communication sont étudiés : la communication dans les forums de discussion, les messages SMS, les interactions ou discours sur les réseaux sociaux numériques, tels que Twitter, wikis, (type Wikipédia) ou des réseaux sociaux d’entreprise.


Panos LourdesReal-World Algorithms. A Beginner’s Guide, The MIT Press, Mars 2017.

After presenting background in pseudocode conventions, basic terminology, and data structures, chapters cover compression, cryptography, graphs, searching and sorting, hashing, classification, strings, and chance. Each chapter describes real problems and then presents algorithms to solve them.

En savoir plus

The Web as History


Introduction: The Web as History by Ralph Schroeder and Niels Brügger


  1. Analysing the UK web domain and exploring 15 years of UK universities on the web – Eric T. Meyer, Taha Yasseri, Scott A. Hale, Josh Cowls, Ralph Schroeder and Helen Margetts
  2. Live versus archive: Comparing a web archive to a population of web pages – Scott A. Hale, Grant Blank and Victoria D. Alexander
  3. Exploring the domain names of the Danish web – Niels Brügger, Ditte Laursen and Janne Nielsen


  1. The tumultuous history of news on the web – Matthew S. Weber
  2. International hyperlinks in online news media -Josh Cowls and Jonathan Bright
  3. From far away to a click away: The French state and public services in the 1990s – Valérie Schafer


  1. Welcome to the web: The online community of GeoCities during the early years of the World Wide Web – Ian Milligan
  2. Using the web to examine the evolution of the abortion debate in Australia, 2005–2015 159 – Robert Ackland and Ann Evans
  3. Religious discourse in the archived web: Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, and the sharia law controversy of 2008 – Peter Webster
  4. ‘Taqwacore is Dead. Long Live Taqwacore’or punk’s not dead? : Studying the online evolution of the Islamic punk scene -Meghan Dougherty
  5. Cultures of the UK web – Josh Cowls
  6. Coda: Web archives for humanities research – some reflections  – Jane Winters

Reading the Comments

Joseph M. Beagle, Reading the Comments. Likers, Haters, and Manipulators at the Bottom of the Web, The MIT Press, 2015.

Online comment can be informative or misleading, entertaining or maddening. Haters and manipulators often seem to monopolize the conversation. Some comments are off-topic, or even topic-less. In this book, Joseph Reagle urges us to read the comments. Conversations “on the bottom half of the Internet,” he argues, can tell us much about human nature and social behavior.

Reagle visits communities of Amazon reviewers, fan fiction authors, online learners, scammers, freethinkers, and mean kids. He shows how comment can inform us (through reviews), improve us (through feedback), manipulate us (through fakery), alienate us (through hate), shape us (through social comparison), and perplex us. He finds pre-Internet historical antecedents of online comment in Michelin stars, professional criticism, and the wisdom of crowds. He discusses the techniques of online fakery (distinguishing makers, fakers, and takers), describes the emotional work of receiving and giving feedback, and examines the culture of trolls and haters, bullying, and misogyny. He considers the way comment—a nonstop stream of social quantification and ranking—affects our self-esteem and well-being. And he examines how comment is puzzling—short and asynchronous, these messages can be slap-dash, confusing, amusing, revealing, and weird, shedding context in their passage through the Internet, prompting readers to comment in turn, “WTF?!?”

En savoir plus

Le patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique

Sous la direction de Séverine Cachat, Marta Severo, éditions L’Harmattan, 2017.

Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, couvert par la Convention de l’UNESCO de 2003, est par définition un patrimoine vivant, nourri par les communautés qui le portent. Aujourd’hui, le numérique, notamment le web, ouvre des perspectives prometteuses pour sauvegarder et valoriser ce patrimoine. Comment les nouvelles applications numériques peuvent-elles dialoguer avec les démarches d’inventaire conduites au niveau institutionnel ? Comment protéger les droits des communautés dans le cadre de l’enregistrement et de la publication sur Internet de leurs éléments patrimoniaux ?

ISBN : 978-2-343-10654-0 • janvier 2017 • 210 pages
EAN PDF : 9782140025587

Archive Everything

In Archive Everything, Gabriella Giannachi traces the evolution of the archive into the apparatus through which we map the everyday. The archive, traditionally a body of documents or a site for the preservation of documents, changed over the centuries to encompass, often concurrently, a broad but interrelated number of practices not traditionally considered as archival. Archives now consist of not only documents and sites but also artworks, installations, museums, social media platforms, and mediated and mixed reality environments. Giannachi tracks the evolution of these diverse archival practices across the centuries.

Archives today offer a multiplicity of viewing platforms to replay the past, capture the present, and map our presence. Giannachi uses archaeological practices to explore all the layers of the archive, analyzing Lynn Hershman Leeson’s !Women Art Revolution project, a digital archive of feminist artists. She considers the archive as a memory laboratory, with case studies that include visitors’ encounters with archival materials in the Jewish Museum in Berlin. She discusses the importance of participatory archiving, examining the “multimedia roadshow” Digital Diaspora Family Reunion as an example. She explores the use of the archive in works that express the relationship between ourselves and our environment, citing Andy Warhol and Ant Farm, among others. And she looks at the transmission of the archive through the body in performance, bioart, and database artworks, closing with a detailed analysis of Lynn Hershman Leeson’s Infinity Engine

Gabriella Giannachi, Archive Everything. Mapping the Everyday, The MIT Press, 2016.

Big Data, Little Data, No Data. Scholarship in the Networked World

9780262529914Abstract: “Big Data” is on the covers of Science, Nature, the Economist, and Wired magazines, on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. But despite the media hyperbole, as Christine Borgman points out in this examination of data and scholarly research, having the right data is usually better than having more data; little data can be just as valuable as big data. In many cases, there are no data—because relevant data don’t exist, cannot be found, or are not available. Moreover, data sharing is difficult, incentives to do so are minimal, and data practices vary widely across disciplines.

Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure—an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation—six “provocations” meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship—Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship.

En savoir plus sur Christine Borgman, Big Data, Little Data, No Data. Scholarship in the Networked World, The MIT Press, 2015.

Histoires de l’Internet et du Web

Qui a « inventé » Internet ? Qui détient les clés d’Internet ? Quelles sources, quels acteurs mettre en lumière pour composer une histoire de l’Internet et du Web qui rende compte de ses origines, trajectoires, tournants, évolutions, continuités ?
L’émergence d’Arpanet dans les années 1960, puis de l’Internet dix ans plus tard, est le produit d’un processus d’innovation de longue durée et non clos jusqu’à aujourd’hui, marqué par l’enchevêtrement de lignées sociotechniques et de réseaux d’acteurs hétérogènes.
À l’occasion des cinquante ans du lancement du projet Arpanet, des vingt-cinq ans du Web ou encore des vingt ans d’Internet Archive, et à travers une sélection de sources et de textes de recherche, cette anthologie cherche à donner un aperçu de la variété des acteurs, trajectoires, approches, méthodologies et écritures de l’histoire d’Internet et du Web. Organisée en trois parties qui tendent à dessiner une progression chronologique – d’Arpanet à Internet, puis de l’Internet des premiers adoptants à sa prise en considération par le politique et les premiers pas d’une gouvernance élargie, enfin du Web à sa démocratisation dans le grand public au début des années 2000, elle met en dialogue des approches techniques, économiques, sociales, culturelles, politiques, ou encore juridiques et offre une vision élargie d’une histoire qui ne s’écrit pas seulement aux et depuis les Etats-Unis mais connaît aujourd’hui un véritable dynamisme international.

Découvrir ce Living Book (2017) dirigé par Valérie Schafer et Alexandre Serres