Le Web, lieux de contre-mémoire?

Avec un nouveau parcours guidé dans les archives de la BnF réalisé par Sophie Gobeil à découvrir !

Gaps and bumps in the political history of the internet

Tréguer, F. (2017). « Gaps and bumps in the political history of the internet ». Internet Policy Review, 6(4). DOI: 10.14763/2017.4.714

ABSTRACT

In the past years, there has been a growing scholarly attention given to “digital rights contention”, that is political conflicts related to the expansion or restriction of civil and political rights exerted through, or affected by, digital communications technologies. Yet, when we turn to history to inform contemporary debates and mobilisations, what we often find are single-sided narratives that have achieved iconic status, studies focusing on a handful of over-quoted contentious episodes and generally over-representing North America, or scattered accounts that have so far escaped the notice of internet researchers. How can we explain these gaps in internet histories? How can we go about overcoming them to build a more fine-grained understanding of past socio-legal struggles around human rights in the context of media and communications? This essay calls for advancing the political history of the internet in order to empower scholars, activists and citizens alike as they address current (and future) controversies around internet politics.

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Making IT Work

Making IT Work

A History of the Computer Services Industry
(…) Yost describes the emergence of companies that offered consulting services, data processing, programming, and systems integration. He examines the development of industry-defining trade associations; facilities management and the firm that invented it, Ross Perot’s EDS; time sharing, a precursor of the cloud; IBM’s early computer services; and independent contractor brokerages. Finally, he explores developments since the 1980s: the transformations of IBM and Hewlett Packard; the offshoring of enterprises and labor; major Indian IT service providers and the changing geographical deployment of U.S.-based companies; and the paradigm-changing phenomenon of cloud service.

Archives of the digital

Studies in Communication and Culture, Volume 8, n° 1, Avril 2017. Coord. de Hermann Rotermund et Christian Herzog.

Table of Contents

Archives of the digital (Hermann Rotermund and Christian Herzog)

The material of memory : Tracing archives in communication studies (Scott Timcke)

Concepts of the database in comtemporary media practice (Ruth Alexandra Moran)

On the impossibility of archiving the radio and its virtues (Wolfgang Hagen)

Lossless compression and future of memory (Marek Jancovic)

Re-using the archive in viceo posters : A win-win for users and archives (Willemien Sanders and Mariana Salgado)

Searching for D-9.com in the archives. An archeology of a film’s website (Kim Louise Walden)

Logiciels libres : recherche et patrimoine

A découvrir notamment dans notre entretien pour la revue TSI avec Roberto Di Cosmo, initiateur du projet Software Heritage et qui revient aussi plus généralement sur son parcours.

Digital Humanities: Knowledge and Critique in a Digital Age

David Berry & Anders Fagerjord, Digital Humanities: Knowledge and Critique in a Digital Age,Polity Press, 2017. 

Berry and Fagerjord provide a compelling guide, exploring the history, intellectual work, key arguments and ideas of this emerging discipline. They also offer an important critique, suggesting ways in which the humanities can be enriched through computing, but also how cultural critique can transform the digital humanities.

Digital Countercultures and the Struggle for Community

Jesse LingelDigital Countercultures and the Struggle for Community, The MIT Press, 2017.

Whether by accidental keystroke or deliberate tinkering, technology is often used in ways that are unintended and unimagined by its designers and inventors. In Alt-People, Jessa Lingel offers an account of digital technology use that looks beyond Silicon Valley and college dropouts-turned-entrepreneurs. Instead, Lingel tells stories from the margins of countercultural communities that have made the Internet meet their needs, subverting established norms of how digital technologies should be used.

Lingel presents three case studies that contrast the imagined uses of the web to its lived and often messy practicalities. She examines a social media platform (developed long before Facebook) for body modification enthusiasts, with early web experiments in blogging, community, wikis, online dating, and podcasts; a network of communication technologies (both analog and digital) developed by a local community of punk rockers to manage information about underground shows; and the use of Facebook and Instagram for both promotional and community purposes by Brooklyn drag queens. Drawing on years of fieldwork, Lingel explores issues of alterity and community, inclusivity and exclusivity, secrecy and surveillance, and anonymity and self-promotion.

By examining online life in terms of countercultural communities, Lingel argues that looking at outsider experiences helps us to imagine new uses and possibilities for the tools and platforms we use in everyday life.

Internet Histories volumes 1 et 2

Très fière de ce premier double numéro spécial porté par des articles courts, historiographies et épistémologiques des membres du comité scientifique notamment (et dans le désordre) Janet Abbate, Andrew Russell, Richard Rogers, Gerard Alberts, Fred Turner, Finn Brunton, Jane Winters, Sandra Braman et encore bien d’autres à découvrir. Merci à eux d’avoir rendu ce numéro séminal si riche et stimulant !

voir les contributeurs et articles

Web Archiving Special Issue

Un dossier en libre accès de la revue Journal of Western Archives coordonné par Nicholas Taylor.

Articles

PDF

Developing Web Archiving Metadata Best Practices to Meet User Needs
Jackie M. Dooley, Karen Stoll Farrell, Tammi Kim, and Jessica Venlet

Case Studies

PDF

Collaboration Made It Happen! The Kansas Archive-It Consortium
Cliff Hight, Ashley Todd-Diaz, Rebecca Schulte, and Michael Church

 

Corpus de communication médiée par les réseaux

Ciara R. WighamGudrun LedegemCorpus de communication dédiée par les réseaux. Construction, structuration, analyse, Paris, L’Harmatan, coll. Humanités numériques, 2017. 

Cet ouvrage aborde les questions relatives au processus de construction de corpus d’interaction et de communications de type mono ou multimodal, synchrone ou asynchrone sur Internet ou via les télécommunications, en vue de la publication de tels corpus sous forme de données libres (OpenData), afin de développer des recherches communautaires : méthodologie, annotation, analyse, droits… Plusieurs genres de communication sont étudiés : la communication dans les forums de discussion, les messages SMS, les interactions ou discours sur les réseaux sociaux numériques, tels que Twitter, wikis, (type Wikipédia) ou des réseaux sociaux d’entreprise.